Who is Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto was Born on 21 June 1953 in Karachi and she was the first woman who leads a Muslim state in history. Because She was elected as a Prime Minister of Pakistan in 1988, but she just deposed for 20 months after the military president Ghulam Ishaq Khan who controversially dissolve the parliament and force an election.
Then She was re-elected in 1993 but later she was dismissed for 3 years due to corruption scandals by president Farooq Leghari, who also used the Eighth Amendment dimmest powers.
Benazir Bhutto was the eldest child of Pakistani premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Bhutto was hanged by Pakistan’s military due to the irregular circumstances and Begum Nusrat Bhutto, was her mother name.
She joined Lady Jennings Nursery School. After the 2 years of schooling then she was sent to Jesus and Mary at Murree. at the age of 15 years She passed her O-level examination. In April 1969, she has joined Harvard University’s Radcliffe College. In June 1973, Benazir graduated with a degree in political science from the Harvard college and then she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. She also attended Oxford University in 1973 and graduated with a masters degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics.
Elections And Exile
After completing the education of university, she returned to Pakistan, but in the course of her father’s execution, she was been under house arrest. and then allowed in 1984 to her go back to the UK, then she became the leader in exile of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), PPP was her father’s party, but she was unable to make her political presence Pakistan until the death of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.
On November 16, 1988, in the first open election she won the single seats in the National Assembly. Bhutto was becoming at the age of 35 years the youngest person and also the first woman who head the government of a Muslim state.
After the dismissal by the president of Pakistan due to the charges of corruption, her party lost the elections that were held in October. She was also served as the leader of the opposition while Mr. Nawaz Sharif became the Prime minister of Pakistan for the next 3 years. In October 1993 elections were again held, and at this time won by the PPP In1996, once again her government was dismissed due to corruption charges.
Charges Of Corruption
She was charged with numerous corruption cases in Pakistan. She has also been charged with money laundering in Swiss banks, in that case she remains before a Swiss court. and Her husband, Asif Ali Zardari, spent 8 years in prison while he was never convicted.
He was kept in prison and claims to have been tortured.all the Human rights groups also claimed that Zardari’s rights have been totally violated.
Zardari was released from prison in November 2004. he stole millions of dollars by demanding ‘commissions’ on government contracts and other dealings.
In 2005, Asif Zardari said in an interview on Pakistan TV that the military establishment had many times offered to release him and drop the charges on him in order to if he agreed to quit politics and leave the country forever. while Zardari refused their offer.
she and the Taliban were openly opposed to each other when it came to social issues. According to the Taliban thought, she is a woman and she had no right to be in power. The Pakistan military, while, was insistent with her and she agreed to provide some support.
Her government provided military and financial help to the Taliban, even that after some time, she sending the Pakistani army into Afghanistan. The Taliban take over the power in Kabul in September 1996. all the New evidence suggests that Osama Ben Laden provided Nawaz Sharif with money in order to destabilize her government.
Policies for women
During the election the campaigns, her government voiced up in the fever of social issues of the women, health and discrimination against the women. she also announced plans first time in the history to set up the women’s police stations, courts and women’s development banks.
She also did not propose any legislation to improve welfare services for women. During election campaigns, she promised to repeal against such law as Hudood and Zina ordinances that are the basic rights of women in Pakistan. while, during her two terms in power, her party can not fulfill these promises due to pressure from the opposition.
Benazir Bhutto death
On 27 December 2007 in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, The assassination of Benazir Bhutto took over the place Benazir Bhutto. she was 2 time Prime Minister of Pakistan (1988–1990 to 1993–1996) and then she was also the leader of the opposition party PPP, she was campaigning elections scheduled for January 2008. and Shots were fired at her after a political campaign at a Liaquat National Bagh.
She was finally declared dead at 18:16 local time, at the Rawalpindi General Hospital. in this incident 23 other people were also killed by the bomb. According to the reports she had been hit by gunshots.