Plan For Partition Of India And Establishment Of New Islamic State
The day of June 3, 1941, is of great significance in the history of the Islamic nation. This historic day marked the partition of India and the establishment of a new Islamic state in the world, and the Muslims of India got rid of the two-year slavery of Hindus. Earlier, whatever efforts the Government of India made to resolve the constitutional issue of India, until 1945, were fruitless.
However, at the end of July 1945, a new Labor Government came to power in the UK with Prime Minister Lord Clement Attlee. The Labor government took the issue into its own hands. Lord Wavell, then the British Viceroy of India, was formerly the Chief of the Indian Army. In early 1946, the Labor Government sent a mission consisting of three ministers to India to formulate a constitutional formula that would be acceptable to both the Muslim League and the Congress.
So on March 15, 1946, Prime Minister Lord Atlee addressed the British Parliament: “I am well aware that I am expressing my view of a country that has many races, different religions, and different languages.” on the other, I am also aware of the other problems that are also arising there. But only the people of India can become out of these difficulties.
We also fully understand the rights of minorities, but cannot allow a minority to withhold the veto in the way of the majority. In response to the British Prime Minister’s speech to Italy, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah said in a statement on March 17, 1946: “There is no question of vetoing or stopping the path of the majority. This is an issue on which an example comes true that a spider invited a fly into his palace”.
Subsequently the second conference of Shimla was convened which included four representatives of the Congress and the All India Muslim League for dialogue.
On 22 March 1947, Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of the United Nations, arrived in India and his predecessor, Lord Weil, traveled to London on March 23. He was also governor of India from 1943 to 1947. No reason was given for this change, but the fact is that Lord Level was relieved because of the fiber of Congress, because in Congress view, Lord Wevel’s fault was that he made the Muslim League equal place in the transitional government. Was given under the below
This narrow view of Congress is thought to be the cause of this change. However, the key points of the Cabinet Mission, which announced on May 14, 1947, the progress of a formula are:
(1) There is a federal government of India consisting of British India and States. The Defense, Foreign Affairs and Communications departments are at the center and have the option of taxing it.
(2) Three groups of provinces were formed on religious grounds. The first group consisted of UP, CP, Madras, Bombay, Bihar and Orissa in the Hindu-majority provinces, while the second group consisted of Muslim-majority provinces, including Punjab, Sindh, NWFP, and Balochistan. The third group consisted of East Muslim provinces of Bengal and Assam.
(3) The provinces and states shall be the basic units of the federation. Except for a few designated departments, all other departments will be in the control of the provinces. States will retain all the powers except the powers entrusted to the Government.
(4) Each group of provinces will formulate a constitution for its provinces and will also determine that after the new elections, any province will be separated from its group by the majority opinion of its assembly.
(5) The seats in the Constituent Assembly were divided into 385 members, 78 seats for Muslims, 4 seats for Sikhs and 93 seats for indigenous states.
(6) After ten years, each province shall be entitled to change its position at the will of the Assembly.
(7) For ten years there will be an interim government at the center, which will give five seats to the Muslim League, one to the Parsis, one to the Sikhs and one to the Christians, besides the Congress.
(8) Each party must accept or reject this formula as a whole. The party that rejects it, in whole or in part, will not be included in the government.
Initially, the Muslim League had accepted this formula conditionally but later rejected it. In light of this formula, an interim government was formed in India with Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Lord Mountbatten returned to the UK in May 1947 and after talks with Prime Minister Lord Atlee and other British leaders, returned to India and held long talks and convened an important conference of key Indian leaders. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Sardar Patel, Acharya Karplani, Liaquat Ali Khan, Sardar Abdul Rab Nishtar and Sardar Baldev Singh were among the participants of the conference.
June 3, 1947, after the conference of the Viceroy of India and the local leadership, partition India was officially announced. That evening, British Prime Minister Italy announced to BBC London that Indian leaders could not agree on a solution to the united India plan, so partitioning was the only solution. On this evening, All India Radio addressed the audience by Mountain Baton, Pandit Nehru, Quaid-e-Azam and Baldev Singh.
Quaid-e-Azam said in his address to the people: “Indian leaders have a heavy responsibility, so that’s why we have to use all our strength”.